This course section provides e-learning material for capacity building of stakeholders for the PRIMA Medsal project. The material will be used and supports the summer school on "Innovative Techniques to monitor, model and prevent groundwater salinization" (ITEMS). 

This space brings together contributions to introduces the use of environmental isotopes for the study of groundwater salinization in terms of the origin of salinization processes, the status and dynamics. It is the base for two working groups on proxies for groundwater salinization derived from isotope techniques and for the intergration of isotope techniques into conceptual and numerical modeling.

The summer school ITEMS 'Innovative Techniques to monitor, model and prevent groundwater salinization' is offered by the Medsal consortium (PRIMA) initiative to train early career scientists and young post-graduate students and PhD students on the origin, causes and indicators of groundwater salinization, on the modern monitoring tools, isotope techniques to detect salinization and reveal its type, origin, status and history, and on the modeling and model-based development of counter-measures and prevention strategies.